A friend of mine recently blogged about preferring to give away her music, and not supporting current copyright laws, as it favours record companies over artists. She gets lots of performances of her compositions worldwide as a result. That’s great, and everyone has a right to make their own decisions about their intellectual property. My personal view is different.
For quite a few centuries of Western history, there have been people employed as artists and musicians. For the majority of that time they were employed by nobility to compose and perform. Painters and sculptors were commissioned to paint portraits, create sculptures and so on. The money wasn’t great, but it was possible to live on the income of an artist. Later artists had to support themselves as best they could. I’d like to highlight a couple of examples.
Bach is known to have neglected the duties of his day job in order to complete his great works. Imagine what additional wonderful works we could have had if he didn’t need to balance his composition time with other duties. The balance between composition and other duties is far worse for modern composers, some of whom I dearly wish had more composition time in their lives.
Mozart died fairly young as a pauper, with intermittent support from patrons and commissions during his short life. Imagine what he could have produced in a longer life.
Schubert supported himself with teaching (and from what I recall, his heart wasn’t really in it). He was already prolific and accomplished. What else would he have produced?
There is a movement amongst musicians to establish a “musical middle class”, and I support this trend. This refers to musicians who are not top of the charts or amateurs being able to earn a decent living, sufficient to have a home, vehicle/transport and raise a child. Usually this involves having a combination of income sources from gigs, album sales, sheet music sales, merchandise, downloads, sync licensing and teaching. My own music income has come from the following in descending order:
* sheet music sales
* album sales
* live performance returns